They are everyday failures that may not have a serious impact, but that will sometimes be vital to treat the disease. Having accurate information on medication management involves active collaboration with health professionals and be aware that taking medication is serious.

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When it comes to suspensions, errors can not only occur in the process of use but also in the dosage of the drug, as it must be reconstituted or previously shaken so that the active ingredient of the drug does not remain in the background.

There are medicines, such as antibiotics in suspension or insulins that must be kept in the fridge and return to room temperature before being used.

Statins for cholesterol control must be taken at night, as well as drugs for osteoporosis, which must also be taken with a time margin in relation to other medications. Other drugs are stimulants and cannot be taken before going to sleep, or conversely, they produce sleep and should be used at night if possible to avoid unwanted effects during daylight hours or driving hazards.

Anti-acidity medications should be taken at night and gastric mucosa protectors (proton pump inhibitors) on an empty stomach since otherwise, they lose their effect. There are drugs that should always be taken with food to avoid possible gastric disturbance.

The pharmacist and doctor must always be informed of the medications being taken if another new drug is to be included in the list, whether it is prescribed by the doctor or sold without a prescription, not only in the case of painkillers but also in cases of supplements, vitamins or any health product.

Failure to follow guidelines such as the schedule to be taken, skipping them, or leaving the drugs when you are well can have very serious consequences, especially in chronic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, or acute situations such as infections treated with antibiotics. 

Chewing, breaking, and swallowing:

There are drugs that are prepared for absorption by the oral mucosa through their dissolution and that if chewed or swallowed, they lose their effect completely. This is the case of some new forms of anti-inflammatory and pain relievers.​

Diet: milk and juices are among the foods that cause the most interactions. This is the case of antacids that should not be taken with juice or some penicillins (antibiotics) that should not be taken with milk, although the most modern ones no longer cause this interaction.

Regarding the photosensitivity of some drugs, a characteristic that is already included in the packaging, it should be borne in mind that drugs as widely used as topical cortisones cause spots if there is exposure to the sun.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery deals with the prevention, study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that affect these areas.

What pathologies does Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery treat?

The maxillofacial surgeon performs everything from wisdom teeth extractions or dental implants to cosmetic or oncological surgeries. Among the diseases it treats, the problems of facial trauma, cleft lip, and cleft palate stand out. They also treat salivary gland pathology (benign and malignant tumors, among others), craniofacial deformities, infectious cervical facial pathology, cysts of the jaws, and pathology of the temporomandibular joint.

What subspecialties are there in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery?

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery are orthognathic surgery, implant surgery, and oral surgery. This specialty is closely related to others, such as Plastic Surgery, Neurosurgery, Ear, Nose, and Throat.

When should I go to the oral and maxillofacial surgeon?

You should go to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon when you want to treat any of the aforementioned diseases. If you want to carry out implant treatment or treat any fracture of the facial bones, you should go to your office. You should also go to treat dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint, dentofacial deformities and tumors in the area of ​​the head and neck.

When to go to a maxillofacial surgeon?

    1. Oral Surgery and Implantology: we include any surgical act that is carried out in the mouth and its annexes, such as the minor and major salivary glands. Highlights simple extractions and complex as wheels judgment, canines, or supernumerary teeth. An important aspect is the placement of dental implants, and all bone graft or biomaterial surgery when there is a bone deficit.
    2. Dentofacial deformities: in collaboration with orthodontists, we treat occlusion problems and aesthetic issues that are due not only to alterations of the teeth but to maxillomandibular bone problems that require corrective surgery of the bone bases, it is called orthognathic surgery.
    3. Tumores head and neck: benign tumors and especially malignant treated by maxillofacial oncology sections in large centers. This includes surgery to remove the tumor and its possible extension to the neck, as well as reconstructive surgery for facial defects using highly complex microsurgical flaps.
    4. Fractures of facial bones: the maxillofacial trauma is any fractures of facial bones, including isolated fractures of the orbital rims, the floor of the orbit, cheekbone, maxilla, and mandible or major trauma we call pan facial and affect almost all the bones of the face.
  • Other treatments such as problems dysfunction temporomandibular joint or child surgery malformations, which would include the craniofacial and cleft lip and palate, among others.

Certain habits among the youngest, such as maintaining a little varied diet, smoking, or poor oral hygiene, cause the development of oral diseases that do not correspond to their biological age. But, do you know what are the oral problems and the most frequent treatments in adolescents?

Misaligned smiles

A beautiful smile is our best letter of introduction, so it is necessary to take care of it. However, it is very common for adolescents to have dental malocclusion or crowding. This type of problem, in addition to making the smile ugly, makes oral hygiene difficult, and can even alter the adolescent’s body and postural development.

These problems can be avoided with early detection and treatment with orthodontics.

Periodontal problems and hormonal changes

Hormonal changes related to puberty can increase the risk of developing juvenile periodontitis, an infectious disease characteristic of this stage that occurs in a localized or generalized way. If it is not detected in time, it can cause the loss of dental pieces.

A partial or total tooth breaks

The practice of extreme or contact sports can cause teeth breakage. That is why it is recommended to use mouth protectors that help us protect the teeth in case of an impact.

In addition, the tensions of adolescence cause physiological reactions such as clenching teeth (bruxism) and joint problems, which can cause pain.

Dental erosion

Adolescents tend to have a less balanced diet than adults, consuming more acidic or sugary foods and drinks that further erode teeth. This erosion of the enamel exposes the dentin, leading to pain and tenderness with cold food and drinks.

That is why it is very important to maintain good oral hygiene, brush your teeth three times a day, paying special attention tonight brushing.

Wear by oral piercings

Oral piercings do not go out of style. However, most young people do not know how this decoration can affect their oral health. The wound created by the perforation can increase the risk of oral infections, bleeding, irritation, and retraction of the gums, and even the risk of transmission of certain diseases. They can also damage old fillings and even cause difficulty eating and speaking clearly.

How to convince teens to take care of their mouths?

At this age, parents have trouble keeping teens in optimal hygiene. Not because they cannot do it, but because they are not mature and constant enough to do it effectively. Each age group has its motivations, adolescents, in general, are very sensitive to their personal appearance. Most of those who brush their teeth, do it to avoid getting dirty and not have bad breath, few take care of their mouths to avoid cavities or gum problems. We must earn their attention by hooking dental care with aesthetics since these are the issues that concern them. Inviting them to have healthy teeth to have a beautiful smile, be more attractive as well as have greater confidence and self-esteem.

The dentist can help take preventive self-care measures, such as teaching a correct brushing technique and the use of dental floss, as well as preventing possible oral problems such as those mentioned above. And it is that this stage of life is a moment of risk for oral health, especially due to the lack of interest and commitment on the part of young people.